Publications

Strengthening LRRD in the EU's financing instruments

Art.-No.: 2012-30

Year of publication: 2012

Linking Relief, Rehabilitation and Development (LRRD) tries to harmonize short-term relief and long-term development through effective political and financial coordinating mechanisms. Within the current EU legislative framework, LRRD is broadly considered in the Humanitarian Aid Instrument, whereas the Development Cooperation Instrument (DCI) is characterized by a less systematic commitment to LRRD. The Instrument for Stability was designed as a more flexible instrument that also opens up opportunities for LRRD but it is mainly security driven and has failed to convince practitioners of its LRRD value.  

The analysis of the actual implementation of the European LRRD concept in different partner countries and crisis situations shows that, despite some progress made in recent years, the funding gap in the grey area between relief and development still exists and the coordination and enhancement of LRRD activities is far from being institutionalised.  In the light of the 2014-2020 MFF and the new DCI, the study gives suggestions regarding the legal basis, financing options and general recommendations for the EU’s strategic framework on LRRD. Amongst others, additional resources are needed for LRRD, which should be seen as an approach rather than an option in geographical instruments and respective provisions should be made explicit in Country Strategy Papers.

(Dr. Pedro Morazán, Irene Knoke and others, 53 Pages)

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Climate Change Financing: The concept of additionality

Art.-No.: 2012-29

Year of publication: 2012

Due to considerable overlaps between development and climate finance and the danger that funding is diverted from existing development assistance it would be important to define a baseline against which additionality can be measured. So far, no internationally agreed definition exists. The EU could step forward and come to a common approach even if this might temporarily disadvantage Member States under the current reporting practice. Any such definition should build on the commitment to raise ODA levels to 0.7 % of GNI by 2015.

Although incentives are strong to try and count in as much private finance as possible, climate finance should come predominantly from public sources. Especially instruments using public funding to “leverage” private funds should be seen with caution. The funding commitments can be met, but they will likely require a wide range of innovative instruments for new financing to be put in place. Due to the overlaps, climate and development activities should be integrated as far as possible at the operational level. Despite a considerable increase of climate related financing in the proposal for the new instrument for Development Cooperation, it is not clear as to what extent these funds are additional. Therefore, additionality of climate finance should be clearly defined also in the DCI regulations.

(Irene Knoke, 39 Pages)

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Climate Friendly Transfer of Technology. Barriers, options, possible solutions

Art.-No.: 2008-23

Year of publication: 2008

Transfer of technology is one of the key elements in the present UNFCCC negotiations on climate change. As indicated in the Bali Action plan from the Conference on Parties (COP) 15, “effective mechanisms and enhanced means for the removal of obstacles...” are needed to facilitate transfer of technology to support actions on mitigation and adaptation.

With this discussion paper DanChurchAid and Church Development Service (EED) contribute with input to that debate, pointing at existing obstacles and possible proposals for how these obstacles may be removed. The paper is based on a desk study on climate change, transfer of technology and Intellectual property rights in spring/summer 2008 conducted by Friedel Hütz-Adams (SÜDWIND e.V.), and Stine Jessen Haakansson (independent consultant), and financed by Church Development Service (EED) and DanChurchAid.

(Friedel Hütz-Adams and others, 38 Pages)

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