Publications

Scenarios for Increased EU Donor Coordination: What Is the Right Level of Aid Coordination?

Art.-No.: 2014-16

Year of publication: 2014

The need for more coordination in European development cooperation is acknowledged by most academics and practitioners. It emerges because there has been a strong increase in the level of fragmentation and proliferation of official development assistance (ODA) in recent years, despite the calls for stronger harmonisation and division of labour. Over the last 10 years, the European Union has invented a number of good technical solutions to overcome the disadvantages of fragmentation. However, the main challenges of inadequate European coordination are not related to technical coordination but to a clear policy commitment and guidance to improve further.

(Dr. Pedro Morazán and others, 4 Pages)

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Modernising ODA in the framework of the post-MDG Agenda: Challenges and opportunities

Art.-No.: 2013-28

Erscheinungsjahr: 2013

The year 2015 marks an important milestone in international development cooperation. It is the deadline both for the achievement of the current Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) as well as the European Union’s (EU) formal undertaking to collectively commit 0.7% of Gross National Income (GNI) to Official Development Assistance (ODA). At the same time, a new development framework will be adopted in 2015, which will set the international community’s development agenda until 2030. This represents an opportunity to assess the strategic role of ODA and to adapt it to the changing global landscape of development finance.

The European Parliament in collaboration with the Council and the Commission should develop a common line to support efforts for a coherent framework to financing poverty eradication and sustainable development. The EU should accentuate the transfer character of ODA and support the revision of the ODA concept and reporting in order to avoid the inflation of ODA and allow for transparent accountability of all instrument and sources of Financing for Development focusing in the public contributions. As an initial step the EU should revise the Agenda for Change (AfC) and the Consensus in order to develop a strong vision and to report its own contributions to development and climate financing in a transparent manner.

(Dr. Pedro Morazán, 66 Seiten)

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Cost of Non-Europe in Development Policy

Art.-No.: 2013-15

Year of publication: 2013

There is broad agreement among academics and practitioners that the benefits of increased EU coordination in the area of development cooperation would clearly outweigh the costs. The EU is indeed a coordination pioneer, having taken up a number of internal and external commitments. This notwithstanding, much potential remains untapped, in terms of both quantifiable and non-quantifiable benefits. The challenge is how to better realise these while taking into account both political economy factors for the actors involved, namely EU institutions and Member States, and the particular situations of partner countries and their key contributions to coordination efforts on the ground.

(Dr. Pedro Morazán, 136 Pages)

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Strengthening LRRD in the EU's financing instruments

Art.-No.: 2012-30

Year of publication: 2012

Linking Relief, Rehabilitation and Development (LRRD) tries to harmonize short-term relief and long-term development through effective political and financial coordinating mechanisms. Within the current EU legislative framework, LRRD is broadly considered in the Humanitarian Aid Instrument, whereas the Development Cooperation Instrument (DCI) is characterized by a less systematic commitment to LRRD. The Instrument for Stability was designed as a more flexible instrument that also opens up opportunities for LRRD but it is mainly security driven and has failed to convince practitioners of its LRRD value.  

The analysis of the actual implementation of the European LRRD concept in different partner countries and crisis situations shows that, despite some progress made in recent years, the funding gap in the grey area between relief and development still exists and the coordination and enhancement of LRRD activities is far from being institutionalised.  In the light of the 2014-2020 MFF and the new DCI, the study gives suggestions regarding the legal basis, financing options and general recommendations for the EU’s strategic framework on LRRD. Amongst others, additional resources are needed for LRRD, which should be seen as an approach rather than an option in geographical instruments and respective provisions should be made explicit in Country Strategy Papers.

(Dr. Pedro Morazán, Irene Knoke and others, 53 Pages)

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Blending Grants and Loans for Financing the EU’s Development Policy for 2014-2020

Art.-No.: 2012-26

Year of publication: 2012

For the next Multiannual Financial Framework for 2014-2020 the European Commission proposes to introduce loan and grant blending facilities into the Development Co-operation Instrument (DCI). These facilities have succeeded in leveraging considerable development finance from development banks and other financiers in the countries embraced by the EU Neighbourhood policy, the Balkans and Sub-Saharan Africa. There are justified concerns, however, that these blending facilities are not appropriate to address many development needs and that the assistance in the form of concessional loans can put heavily indebted countries at risk.

Nevertheless, the use of blending facilities in the DCI can be beneficial if well devised. They should be used to complement but not substitute for traditional development finance. Furthermore, care is required to ensure that blending instruments are effectively oriented towards poverty reduction, avoiding a return to a focus on investment. To ensure that the blending facilities expand the effectiveness of development finance, the governance and coherence of the instruments need to be reviewed, with the aim of retaining the positive elements of flexibility, but keeping the risks for the beneficiaries low and ensuring a poverty reduction approach.

(Dr. Pedro Morazán, 50 Pages)

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A new European Union development cooperation policy with Latin America

Art.-No.: 2012-12

Year of publication: 2012

This study contains an analysis of the key principles of the European Union’s development cooperation policy with Latin America. The following issues are of particular importance: i) The relevance of cooperation with middle-income countries, especially those in Latin America and the Caribbean. ii) The objectives that the EU’s development cooperation with Latin America and the Caribbean should pursue. iii) The alignment of the regional integration process with the wide range of existing realities and strategies in Latin America and the Caribbean. iv) The promotion of social cohesion policies as one of the core components of the EU’s development policy. v) The strategies complementary to the EU’s development policy and South-South cooperation.

(Dr. Pedro Morazán, 152 Pages)

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Una nueva política de cooperación para el desarrollo de la Unión Europea con América Latina

Art.-No.: 2012-11

Year of publication: 2012

El presente Estudio contiene un análisis de los principios claves de la política de cooperación para el desarrollo de la Unión Europea con América Latina. De particular importancia son los siguientes temas: i) La relevancia de la cooperación con países de renta media y especialmente con los de América Latina y el Caribe. ii) Los objetivos que debe perseguir la cooperación al desarrollo de la UE con América Latina y el Caribe. iii) El alineamiento del proceso de la integración regional con la amplia gama de realidades y estrategias existentes en América Latina y el Caribe. iv) La promoción de las políticas de cohesión social como uno de los ejes de la política al desarrollo de la UE. v) Las estrategias complementarias entre la política para el desarrollo de la UE y la cooperación sur-sur.

(Dr. Pedro Morazán, 158 Pages)

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Une nouvelle politique de coopération au développement de l'UE avec l'Amérique latine

Art.-No.: 2012-10

Year of publication: 2012

La présente étude contient une analyse des principales clés de la politique de coopération au développement de l’UE avec l’Amérique latine. Elle accorde une importance particulière aux thèmes suivants: i) Importance de la coopération avec des pays à revenu moyen, et plus particulièrement avec ceux de l’ALC. ii) Objectifs à poursuivre dans le cadre de la coopération au développement de l’UE avec l’ALC. iii) Alignement du processus d’intégration régionale en fonction du large éventail de réalités et de stratégies existant dans la région de l’ALC. iv) Promotion des politiques de cohésion sociale parmi les axes de la politique de développement de l’UE. vii) Stratégies assurant une complémentarité entre politique de développement de l’UE et coopération Sud-Sud.

(Dr. Pedro Morazán, 18 Pages)

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Increasing the impact of EU development policy

Art.-No.: 2011-06

Year of publication: 2011

This present study is a contribution to the recently launched consultation process on the Green Paper "EU Development Policy in Support of Inclusive Growth and Sustainable Development - Increasing the Impact of EU Development Policy". It provides evidencebased answers to selected questions raised in the Green Paper. In this brief, the authors focus on the topics related to “inclusive growth and sustainable development”, analyzing, in a more general manner, the aspects that relate with development policy impact.

(Dr. Pedro Morazán u.a., 24 Pages)

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PPP Briefing on the future of eu budget support

Art.-No.: 2010-30

Erscheinungsjahr: 2010

(Dr. Pedro Morazán, 12 Seiten)

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