Publications

Prix dans la chaîne de valeur du cacao – causes et effets

Art.-No.: 2018-14

Date de la publication: 2018

Les efforts de durabilité dans le secteur du cacao sont actuelle­ment confrontés à des défis majeurs. Depuis septembre 2016, le prix du cacao a chuté massivement, passant d’un peu moins de 3.000 USD à environ 1.900 USD la tonne fin juin 2017, avec un impact direct sur les revenus des agriculteurs.

La présente étude met en évidence l’existence du processus de concentration sur le marché du cacao parmi les négociants et les transformateurs de cacao ainsi que dans le commerce de détail des denrées alimentaires. Les trois plus grandes en­treprises, Barry Callebaut, Cargill et Olam International, ont à elles seules la capacité de traiter les deux tiers de la récolte mondiale. Il n’existe pas de contrepoids adéquat du côté de l’offre de cacao.

Selon les estimations, la majorité des cinq millions d’agriculteurs dans le monde n’est pas organisée, ce qui affaiblit considérablement leur situation dans la chaîne de valeur. En Afrique de l’Ouest, d’où proviennent environ 70 pour cent de la récolte mondiale de cacao, on estime que seulement 30 pour cent des agriculteurs sont organisés. On y observe également un manque d’associations nationales et internationales.

(Friedel Hütz-Adams, 36 Pages)

Download

Pricing in the cocoa value chain – causes and effects

Art.-No.: 2018-13

Year of publication: 2018

Sustainability efforts in the cocoa sector are currently facing major challenges. Since September 2016, the cocoa price has fallen massively from just under USD 3,000 to around USD 1,900 per ton by the end of June 2017. This has direct impacts on the income situation of farmers.

The present study shows that there are concentration processes on the cocoa market among traders and processors of cocoa as well as in the food retail trade. The three largest companies alone, Barry Callebaut, Cargill and Olam International, have the capacity to process two-thirds of the world’s harvest. There is no adequate counterweight on the supply side of cocoa. The majority of the world’s estimated five million farmers are not organised, which severely weakens theirsituation in the value chain. In West Africa, where about 70 per cent of the global cocoa harvest comes from, only 30 per cent of farmers are estimated to be organised. Furthermore, there is a lack of national and international associations.  

(Friedel Hütz-Adams and others, 36 Pages)

Download

Cocoa Barometer 2018

Art.-No.: 2018-09

Year of publication: 2018

The Cocoa Barometer 2018 provides an overview of the current sustainability developments in the cocoa sector, and highlights critical issues that are not receiving sufficient attention at present. It is an endeavour to stimulate and enable stakeholders to communicate and discuss these critical issues. The authors have chosen to focus on West Africa, because of its dominance in cocoa production and the significant challenges it faces. The two special thematic focus points of this Barometer are “Ensuring a Living Income” and “Transparency and Accountability”.

(Friedel Hütz-Adams and others, 78 Pages)

Download

PPP CCC Presentation workshop prix revenue decent Abidjan francais

Art.-No.: 2017-24

Year of publication: 2017

Powerpoint-Präsentation von Friedel Hütz-Adams (SÜDWIND) vor dem Conseil du Café-Cacao (CCC) im Rahmen des Forums "Plateforme de Partentariat Public-Privé de la Filière Café Cacao" vom 10. bis zum 11. Mai in Abidjan.

(Friedel Hütz Adams, 63 Pages)

Download

Alternative approaches to achieve a living income: A roadmap for flexible premiums

Art.-No.: 2017-23

Year of publication: 2017

This new paper published by SÜDWIND explains in more details how a Flexible Premium model could work. It provides chocolate and cocoa companies a concrete option to take their responsibility to protect the first producers in their supply chain from unwanted price volatility; to ensure the farmers receive a sufficient income; and to ensure the companies are compliant to their requirements of due diligence within the framework of the United Nations Guiding Principles on Businessand Human Rights (UNGPs).

(Friedel Hütz-Adams, 8 Pages)

Download

Renforcer la compétitivité de la production de cacao et augmenter le revenu des producteurs de cacao en Afrique de l’Ouest et en Afrique centrale

Art.-No.: 2017-07

Year of publication: 2017

Cette étude a été mandatée par le Ministère fédéral allemand de la Coopération économique et du Développement (BMZ) en étroite coopération avec les quatre pays producteurs de cacao d’Afrique de l’Ouest et d’Afrique centrale afin de mieux comprendre les immenses défis auxquels la production de cacao et l’existence des producteurs de cacao, surtout en Afrique de l’Ouest, sont confrontés. Elle vise à analyser la structure et les mécanismes de fixation des prix sur marché mondial du cacao ainsi que les politiques sectorielles des huit pays producteurs de cacao les plus importants (la Côte d'Ivoire, le Ghana, l’Indonésie, l’Équateur, le Nigéria, le Cameroun, le Brésil et le Pérou) afin d’identifier les mesures qui mènent à un renforcement de la durabilité de la production de cacao et à une augmentation des revenus des producteurs de cacao.

(Friedel Hütz-Adams and others 174 Pages)

Download

Strengthening the competitiveness of cocoa production and improving the income of cocoa producers in West and Central Africa

Art.-No.: 2017-06

Year of publication: 2017

This study has been commissioned by the German Federal Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) in close cooperation with the four West and Central African cocoa producing countries to get a deeper insight into the huge challenges cocoa production and cocoa producers face regarding their livelihoods. The paper aims at analysing the global cocoa market’s structure and pricing mechanisms as well as the sector policies of the eight most important cocoa producing countries (Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana, Indonesia, Ecuador, Nigeria, Cameroon, Brazil, Peru) to identify measures that strengthen sustainability of cocoa production and improve livelihoods of producers.

(Friedel Hütz-Adams and others, 156 Pages)

Download

Report on a Cocoa Sustainability Fund

Art.-No.: 2016-28

Year of publication: 2016

The recommendation to study the feasibility of establishing a cocoa-dedicated sustainability fund was first mooted at the Second Roundtable on a Sustainable Cocoa Economy (RSCE2) in Trinidad and Tobago in 2009. The declared objective was to provide additional direct and timely financing to relevant projects and programmes in the cocoa sector, primarily for the benefit of cocoa producers. The second World Cocoa Conference in Amsterdam held in 2014 revived the concept and proposed to conduct a study in order to provide the basis for cocoa experts to have a better informed conversation on the topic. In September 2015, the ICCO Council agreed to commission such a study, to be jointly funded by the ICCO and GISCO. Südwind e.V. was subsequently appointed to conduct it.

(Friedel Hütz-Adams and others, 84 Pages)

Download

Cocoa Barometer 2015

Art.-No.: 2015-04

Year of publication: 2015

The Cocoa Barometer 2015 provides an overview of the current sustainability developments in the cocoa sector, and highlights critical issues that are not receiving suffi cient attention at present. It is an endeavour to stimulate and enable stakeholders to communicate and discuss these critical issues. The authors have chosen to focus on West Africa, because of its dominance in cocoa production and the signifi cant challenges it faces. The two special thematic focus points of this Barometer are “Value Distribution in the Cocoa Supply Chain” and “Living Income for Smallholder Farmers”.

(Friedel Hütz-Adams and others, 27 Pages)

Download

Printerfriendly

Cocoa Barometer 2012

Art.-No.: 2012-44

Year of publication: 2012

The Cocoa Barometer 2012 is an endeavour to stimulate and enable stakeholders to communicate and discuss critical issues. This Barometer aims to provide an overview of current sustainability developments in the cocoa sector. The authors have chosen to focus on West Africa’s cocoa sector, due to its dominance in cocoa production and the significant challenges facing this region. Because of the constraints of this publication and the absence of third party evaluations, focus on individual company projects and evaluations of Standards Bodies is not a key element of the current Barometer, but there are plans for these topics to become the core focus of the Cocoa Barometer 2013.

(Friedel Hütz-Adams u.a., 28 Pages)

Download

Printerfriendly

Donate now