Rubber is an important resource, especially for the production of tires and cars. Only little is known about the ecological and social consequences of rubber cultivation, even though the industrial rubber plantations and palm oil plantations contribute largely to the deforestation of rain forests. Moreover, working conditions on the industrial plantations are often poor, and human rights violations are a common issue. At the same time, rubber cultivation structures are still very much shaped by smallholders, such that fair prices can achieve social improvements. SÜDWIND aims at reporting on these issues as well as pointing out to the rubber industry how to organize their supply chains in a more sustainable way.